The case study concerns the Urban Mobility Plan of the Municipality of Venice. The Plan, active since 2008, provides a range of administrative attention that will lead to the gradual reduction of CO2 emissions by more than 35% in the transport sector, improving the livability and air quality of the city itself.

What is it?

The Urban Mobility Plan is the framework under which different projects for sustainable mobility are organized. The Plan, which began in 2008 and is now under revision, expected to substantially change the way people move into Venice, favoring further public transport and bicycle use. In a few years the first two lines of electric trams have been realized and over 100 km of safe bike lanes have been installed as well. Within this Plan, the Venice administration also led the construction of some new “park and ride” facilities, which allow people to park their cars and get on a bus, tram or a bike from the bike sharing facilities.

Generally speaking, Venetian citizens and tourists prefer to use public transportation or walking/biking rather than private vehicles due to the city’s unique infrastructure and limited access for motorized vehicles. However, the Plan aims to further reduce the carbon footprint of the city’s transport sector through a combined set of measures ranging from the tramway and EV charging station infrastructure to interventions such as bike and car sharing schemes. As a result of the measures already implemented, today the modal split in Venice tells us that only 40% of people use private transport, while about 20% use the bike, 12% use public transport while 23% goes by foot.

How does it work?

The plan includes a list of projects, identifies funding and is implemented and monitored by a dedicated team. The indicators for the reduction of CO2 have been identified as a priority within the plan and a key factor by which the city must assess scenarios and make decisions. The plan highlights how the interplay of individual projects creates a multiplier effect in terms of emissions reductions.

CO2 reduction: 148,829 t/y

Next steps

The city is currently reviewing the Plan to raise the level of ambition for emissions reductions through a better definition of objectives and an update of future projects.


Mr. Simone Tola
AGIRE Coordinator
Tel. +39 041 2746242